You will rarely come across any physician who doesn’t carry a stethoscope with them. In fact, it is one of the most important devices of daily medical practice. A stethoscope is a medical device that every paramedic, nursing student, medical student, and the doctor should possess in person. Though the traditional stethoscope helped the doctor listen to the bodily functions like the heartbeat, the respiration, or the digestion, the modern day stethoscopes differ according to their application.
The function of a good stethoscope is to allow you to perform the fundamental tasks like auscultation with the intention of assessing the condition of the thoracic organs, abdomen, and blood vessels. However, one stethoscope cannot be used to check different conditions, which is why there are different types of stethoscopes. The different types of stethoscopes include:
Though this stethoscope looks like a regular stethoscope, it has the ability to give excellent acoustic sound quality. Also, it is accompanied by the ability to hear both low- and high-frequency sounds from the diaphragm, and you wouldn’t have to use a bell, which is commonly found in dual-headed stethoscopes. Moreover, these stethoscopes have thicker earpieces that block out unwanted noise and prevent any interference with the auscultation, which is why it is used to listen to heartbeats, S2, and murmurs.
This type of stethoscope is used for newborn babies and are the smallest of the kind. It has a very small diameter of about 2cm that ensures that the auscultation is accurate and the surrounding noise doesn’t interfere with it. These stethoscopes are available in non-latex forms to avoid allergic reaction in infants and have a non-chill ring as well.
These stethoscopes can help solve sound problems as they amplify the sound obtained from the chest-piece electronically and then convert it into electric waves that are transmitted through particular circuits. When the electric waves pass, they are processed for better listening. These stethoscopes are available in two categories, namely, the amplifying and the digitizing stethoscopes.
As the name suggests, this stethoscope is used primarily for teaching purposes. It features a single-lumen tubing that is highly durable and comes with solid stainless steel chest piece and has a dual headset. This feature allows the teacher and student to use the stethoscope at the same time and the students gain a better understanding of what’s happening to a patient.
Vacations and planning – How to ace bothRead more
There aren’t too many things that excite us as much as the thought of an impending vacation. When it is almost time to get that vacation started, we look forward to a wonderful break where we can relax and rejuvenate our senses in the best possible manner. Vacations are also all about planning so that there is no stress and unpleasantness when we take off to enjoy our much-deserved break. So here are some tips that will help you make the best of your vacation without popping a vein in the chaos!
Advance bookings: This is a very crucial tip that can not only save you a lot of money but also make your life stress-free at the beginning and during the actual journey. Before the vacations begin, you must first be clear about where you want to go, what your group size is, and what all you would like to do. Then, you can choose the airlines and hunt for good fares on various vacation-planning websites, including those which are run by tour operators and travel agents. Do your research and find someone who will have plenty of recommendations so that you get the best deal possible. If you are going to travel with a large group, you can even ask for a good discount on the stay and fares.
Budget: Before you start booking, you will need to set a budget so that you plan within the said number. Always know what you can afford and add about 10% to that due to unforeseen expenses that may come up in the new place. Ideally, in the case of international travel plans, you should even convert the currency on a calculator and check the prices of essentials like meals, tickets, tourist attractions and taxis. This will help you stay mentally prepared and set a correct budget that you will not exceed by a very wide margin. If you are traveling with friends, then you should ideally ask them about the budget that will suit them as well, so that you are all on the same page.
Choose the mode of travel: Once you have taken a look at the budget, decide on how you want to get to the destination. Do you want to fly there or can you drive there (in case it is a local or national destination)? You should decide on these things considering your spending power so that you do not exhaust your budget only on things like getting to and fro.
Rewards and deals: This one is especially helpful if you have been a frequent traveler. You can get on a rewards program or avail deals based on the rewards that you have earned so that you can make the most of the same to do your bookings. Try and use the same airlines for your vacations and trips so that you get alerts about the upcoming deals and discounts as well as coupon codes.
Symptoms of HIVRead more
It is important to know that HIV and AIDS are two different things. While AIDS is not a virus, it is one of the symptoms of a virus called HIV. HIV infection can be inherited whereas this is not possible for AIDS. Therefore, the symptoms of HIV can vary from person to person. These symptoms usually show up after a long time and are known to occur in stages.
After four weeks of being infected with HIV, you will experience something close to the flu. These symptoms are not a reliable way of knowing whether or not you have the infection. However, you should visit a doctor if you are worried that HIV could be a cause behind the same.
- High unexplained fever
- Swollen glands
- Sore throat
- Upset stomach
- Joint pain
- Muscle pain
At this juncture, people who suffer from the symptoms mentioned above start to feel a lot better, and the virus might not even show any results for the next ten to fifteen years. But this does not mean that the virus is gone since it is still active and keeps on multiplying inside the body. This causes a lot of damage to your immune system.
By this stage, the virus has caused a lot of damage to your immune system. You will start to get serious fungal or bacterial infections that you would not be able to fight off. These are usually known as ‘opportunistic infections, ’ and they strike when the immune system is fragile. Here are a few typical symptoms you may spot during this time.
- Chronic diarrhea
- High fever
- Extreme weight loss
- Excessive sweating
- Serious illnesses
- Skin problems
- Recurring infections
HIV/ AIDS can be fatal and can cause your body a lot of pain and damage. The worst part is that it happens gradually and makes you suffer. Hence, one needs to lookout for all these symptoms and be careful at all times. A rash decision can ruin your life. Avoid unprotected sexual intercourse or contact with blood from an unknown source or unsterile needles of any sort.